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How is pleural effusion treated?

How is pleural effusion treated? For the treatment of pleural effusion, the treatment plan needs to be formulated according to the etiology of pleural effusion and the amount of pleural effusion. There are many causes of pleural effusion, and there are also few, medium and large pleural effusions. Therefore, the methods of treating pleural effusion are also different. After pleural effusion occurs, the etiology should be found first. You can check blood routine, chest X-ray Chest CT, sputum culture, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, lung tumor markers, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, etc. If pleural effusion is caused by pulmonary infection, antibiotic drugs can be used to control pulmonary infection, such as penicillins, cephalosporins, macrolides and quinolones. If necessary, drug sensitivity test can be carried out, and the most sensitive antibiotic drugs can be selected for symptomatic treatment or even combined medication. For specific medication methods, please use drugs according to the recommendations of the visiting doctor, Do not use drugs by yourself to avoid adverse consequences. If it is pleural effusion caused by pulmonary tuberculosis, anti tuberculosis drugs can be used for symptomatic treatment, such as promethazine, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, etc., and it is recommended to go to a regular specialized hospital for diagnosis and treatment. Generally, anti tuberculosis treatment is free, and patients must go to tuberculosis hospital for treatment as soon as possible. If the pleural effusion caused by lung tumor is considered, radiotherapy and chemotherapy can be used, combined with comprehensive treatment of traditional Chinese medicine, so as to reduce the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy and improve the quality of life. If the amount of pleural effusion is large, pleural puncture may also be used to reduce the symptoms of chest tightness and dyspnea. Therefore, for pleural effusion, the treatment principle is to treat the primary disease first, and then conduct pleural puncture for patients who affect breathing.

     

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